Article 25 - Health - Article 25

Convention Text

 1.1 States Parties recognise that persons with disabilities have the right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health without discrimination on the basis of disability. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure access for persons with disabilities to health services that are gender-sensitive, including health-related rehabilitation. In particular, States Parties shall:

(a) Provide persons with disabilities with the same range, quality and standard of free or affordable health care and programmes as provided to other persons, including in the area of sexual and reproductive health and population-based public health programmes; R1

(b) Provide those health services needed by persons with disabilities specifically because of their disabilities, including early identification and intervention as appropriate, and services designed to minimise and prevent further disabilities, including among children and older persons; R2

(c) Provide these health services as close as possible to people's own communities, including in rural areas;

(d) Require health professionals to provide care of the same quality to persons with disabilities as to others, including on the basis of free and informed consent by, inter alia, raising awareness of the human rights, dignity, autonomy and needs of persons with disabilities through training and the promulgation of ethical standards for public and private health care; R3

(e) Prohibit discrimination against persons with disabilities in the provision of health insurance, and life insurance where such insurance is permitted by national law, which shall be provided in a fair and reasonable manner;

(f) Prevent discriminatory denial of health care or health services or food and fluids on the basis of disability.

Declaration of Needs and Characteristics

2.1 Blind and partially-sighted people require information about the availability and location of health services in a range of formats to ensure the same level of access to health services as other citizens.

2.2 Blind and partially-sighted people require all their personal health related correspondence and information in preferred formats, including Braille, large-print and electronic.

2.3 Blind and partially-sighted people require the physical, communications, information and other aspects of private and public health services, including gender specific, sexual, reproductive health services and genetic counselling services to be designed and managed to meet the needs that arise from visual disability in order to ensure the same level of access and service provision.

2.4 Blind and partially-sighted people need to be able to administer their own medicines and understand their potential side effects. Pharmaceutical products must have labels that can be read by blind and partially-sighted people and information must be provided on their use and potential side effects in formats that are accessible to blind and partially-sighted people.

2.5 Relatively small levels of residual sight can significantly enhance individual's life chances and range of activities. Ophthalmic and optometric services should ensure that blind and partially-sighted people are, if possible, able to preserve and make the best possible use of residual or partial sight. The provision of low vision aid services, low vision training and the installation of optimal lighting at home, education settings and at work is required.

2.6 To ensure the prevention of further visual loss, effective diabetic, glaucoma and other screening services must be provided.

2.7 All staff working in health and health related services require training on the needs and characteristics of blind and partially-sighted people to ensure they are able to provide appropriate help and support.

Important Aspects of Convention Text:

3.1 Convention text - R1 (a) Provide persons with disabilities with the same range, quality and standard of free or affordable health care and programmes as provided to other persons, including in the area of sexual and reproductive health and population-based public health programmes.

3.2 Requirement - Blind and partially-sighted people must enjoy the same level of health services as other citizens.

3.3 Requirement - All published information on the nature, scope and availability of health and health related services must be provided in formats accessible to blind and partially-sighted people.

3.4 Requirement - Blind and partially-sighted people must be provided with all their personal health related correspondence and information in their preferred formats, including Braille, large-print and electronic. Full confidentiality must be maintained when alternative formats of such material are provided.

3.5 Requirement - All private and public health services, including gender specific, sexual, reproductive health services and genetic counselling services must ensure that all their physical, communication, information and other services that are available to patients are fully accessible to blind and partially-sighted people.

3.6 Requirement - Pharmaceutical products must have labels that can be read by blind and partially-sighted people and information must be provided on their use and potential side effects in formats that are accessible to blind and partially-sighted people.

3.7 Convention text - R2 (b) Provide those health services needed by persons with disabilities specifically because of their disabilities, including early identification and intervention as appropriate, and services designed to minimise and prevent further disabilities, including among children and older persons.

3.8 Requirement - Ophthalmic and optometric services must ensure that blind and partially-sighted people are able to make the best possible use of residual or partial sight, including the provision of low vision aid services, low vision training and optimal lighting at home, in education and at work.

3.9 Requirement - free and effective screening services must be provided, for example diabetic and glaucoma screening services, to ensure that health conditions that cause visual loss can be identified and treated and further visual loss prevented.

3.10 Convention text - R3 (d) Require health professionals to provide care of the same quality to persons with disabilities as to others, including on the basis of free and informed consent by, inter alia, raising awareness of the human rights, dignity, autonomy and needs of persons with disabilities through training and the promulgation of ethical standards for public and private health care.

3.11 Requirement - All staff working in health and health related services must receive training on the needs and characteristics of blind and partially-sighted people.